HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 1. THE BEGINNINGS – VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE

Budapest University of

Technology and Economics

Faculty of Architecture

Department for History of Architecture

and of Monuments

Course Title:

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 1.

The beginnings and the vernacular architecture

Code:

BMEEPETA101

Requirements:

exam

Credit:

3

Semester: 1.

autumn

Lecturers: Rabb Péter PhD, assistant professor

Course account: Rabb Péter PhD, assistant professor

COURSE DEMANDS

Requisites:

-

Educational methods:

Lectures (2 hours per week) and practical lessons (1 hour per week)

Requirements:

Class attendance is required

Controls during the semester:

Two tests, dates fixed in advance

One failed or missed test may be repeated on the last class.

Terms of subscription:

Valid test results (two passed)

Form of exam:

Oral exam (it can be replaced with two tests)

Repeated exam:

If the oral exam is not successful it may be repeated two times within the exam session, for an extra procedure fee

Final grade:

Final grade comes 50% from test results, 50% from the exam.

BRIEF COURSE DESCRIPTION


The course gives an overview of the architecture in the first period of the evolution of human culture. The classes follow chronology – mainly in the first part of the course – with focusing on the development of building constructions and the development of settlements.

Prehistory: paleolithic human claim to space, from the cave to the hut. Building activity of neolithic peasants, one-celled houses and fortified settlements. Introduction to building costruction in the Near East and Europe.

In the second part the course gives an overview of the vernacular architecture of the world.

Native architecture: comperative outline of the architecture of hunting, pastoral and farming peoples. Construction, building materials and decorations. Native American, African and European architecture.

The practical lessons show details were delivered in the lecture before. The drawings drawn by students help them to understand the colourful world of common and rural architecture.


Deadlines:

1. weekly practice in A/4 papers: next week, or (see it below):

2. semester drawing in A/3 papers: 2019.12.09. (monday, until 12:00) or 12.20. (friday, until 12:00)


Exams:

There are two tests instead of oral exam.

DETAILED SYLLABUS OF THE COURSE

Week

DATE

Lecture

Practical lessons

1.

09.09.

Introduction

the overview of the semester

rules, possibilities and deadlines


2.

09.16.

Architecture of paleolithics:

caves, the first campgrounds, rock shelters, artificial shelters, first tents and huts, pit house

drawing practice: the main elements of the architecture of these periods

parts of buildings: foundations, walls, floors, roofs

materials and structures


3.

09.23.

Architecture of neolithics:

one-cell houses (Jericho, Catal Hüyük, Hacilar, Jeitun, Cayönü Tepesi)

multi cell houses (Tell es Sawwan)

Fortified village (Tell es Sawwan)

-

09.30.

NO LECTURE

4.

10.07.

Architecture of the bronze and iron age in the Middle-east

drawing practice: the main elements of the architecture of these periods

parts of buildings: foundations, walls, floors, roofs

materials and structures


5.

10.14.

Architecture of the bronze and iron age in Europe:

sacral buildings: dolmens and menhirs, stone circles (Stonehenge), tombs

living houses: neolithic hut, timber framework house, log house, nuraghes

settlements: first villages

fortified settlements: pile dwellings, earth-work banks and dikes (Avebury), ramparts (Biskupin)

-

10.21.

DESIGN WEEK / NO LECTURES

6.

10.28.

FIRST TEST (+consultation)

7.

11.04.

Vernacular architecture of Africa:

shelters, rock shelters, shadow roof, tents, huts, houses, villages

building materials and structures

drawing practice: the main elements of the architecture of these territories

parts of buildings: foundations, walls, floors, roofs

materials and structures

8.

11.11.

Vernacular architecture of Asia:

shelters, rock shelters, shadow roof, tents, huts, houses, villages

building materials and structures

9.

11.18.

Vernacular architecture of America:

shelters, rock shelters, shadow roof, tents, huts, houses, villages

building materials and structures

10.

11.25.

Vernacular architecture of Europe and Hungary:

shelters, rock shelters, shadow roof, tents, huts, houses, villages

building materials and structures

11.

12.02.

SECOND TEST (+ consultation)

Suggested literature:


Istvánfi, Gyula: Az építészet története – Őskor, Népi építészet. Nemzeti tankönyvkiadó, Budapest, 1997.

Waechter: Man before history. Elsevier publishing projects, Lausanne, 1976.

Oates, David and Oates, Joan: The rise of civilization. Elsevier publishing projects, Lausanne, 1976.

Postgate, Nicholas: The first empires. Elsevier publishing projects, Lausanne, 1977.

Moorey, P.R.S.: Biblical lands. Elsevier publishing projects, Lausanne, 1975.

Harding, D.W.: Prehistoric Europe. Elsevier publishing projects, Lausanne, 1978.

Dixon, Philip: Barbarian Europe. Elsevier publishing projects, Lausanne, 1976.

Nuttgens, Patrick: The story of Architecture. Phaidion, London, 1983.

Oliver, Paul (ed.): The Encyclopedia of vernacular architecture of the world. Cambridge University Press, London, 1997.

Oliver, Paul: Atlas of vernacular architecture of the world. Routledge, Abington, 2007.

Garlake, Peter: The kingdoms of Africa. Elsevier publishing projects, Lausanne, 1978.

Brunskill, R.W.: Vernacular Architecture. An illustrated handbook. Faber and Faber, London, 2000.


For more information please visit our homepage: http://www.eptort.bme.hu

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Peter Rabb PhD, Zeynab Nazer PhD student



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Semester_drawing_for_first_year_students_for_HOA.1.

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Questions of second test


LECTURES

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HOA4

HOA5

HOA6

HOA7

HOA8

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