HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 3. MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURE

Budapest 09rd September 2019.

Academic YEAR 2019/2020, 1st (AUTUM) semester


MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURE

(for the 2nd year students)

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE III.

Code No.: BME EP ET A301-A0/AR


COURSE REQUIREMENTS AND GOALS OF THE SUBJECT


Credit points : 3


Prerequisites : the compulsory History of Architecture subjects of the first four (general course and 1st course) semesters are to be finished successfully.


Dates :09th, 16th, (23rd cancelled!), 30th of September,

07th, 14th (21st cancelled: studio week), 28th of October,

04th, 11th, 18th, 25th, of November,02nd of December.

Main goals of the subject:


1. Students are to get acquainted with the most important historic monuments of the European medieval architecture. They should understand the relationship between pieces of art, learn the most important cultural influences manifest in architecture of their age.

2. The morphology of the monuments are to be studied.

3. The visual memory skills are to be developed by means of in-place sketches during the lectures.


Basic requirements:


1. Sketches (format: A/4) of architectural morphology (vaultings) following the lecturer’s sketches on the blackboard. The completion of these drawings verify the student’s attendance at lessons. Missing drawings must be supplemented by the time of the next lecture. Drawings that are unacceptable also must be substituted by the time of the last classes.

  1. Semester Drawing (format A/3, 1 or two pieces) of a certain medieval building. Constructed plan, section, elevation, and detail with optional scales. For better marks (4, 5) one 3D drawing of a specified part of the building (1+2 half vaulting bays) can substitute the orthogonal drawings. Elevation and detail must show the plastic values of the architectural articulation. Any kind of manual rendering techniques can be used, but pencil with aquarelle is preferred.
  2. Students must pass a combined (written+oral) exam at the end of the semester. The written part contains the vaultings shown during the practical lessons - the 12 different vault types:


  1. Barrel vault with archivolts, constructed with semi-circular arch,
  2. Barrel vault with archivolts, constructed with pointed arch,
  3. Pendentive dome,
  4. Roman type cross-vault,
  5. Cloister-vault over octagonal plan,
  6. Romanesque type cross-vault,
  7. Romanesque type sexpartite-vault,
  8. Gothic type sexpartite-vault,
  9. Gothic type cross-vault constructed with equal heights,

10. Gothic type cross-vault constructed with different heights,

11. Late-gothic net-vault,

12. Late-gothic stellar-vault.


Administrative requirements for the signature:


* Lecture attendance:70% is required. All the missing drawings must be supplemented till the next lecture.

* Deadline of completion of the Semester Drawing: 9rd December 12:00.h. (as a repeated exam till 20th December 2019).

* The successfully accomplished test.

Evaluation :

Credit points can be gained by the approved extent of presence at lectures (evaluated sketches), a successful Final Practical Test (10%), and by the appropriate quality Semester Drawing (20%), and by the successful complex (written + oral) examination (70%). Any of the three component of the final mark is „failed”, causes unsuccessful final mark.

The exams will take place on:

2nd, 3rd,

6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th,

13th,14th, 15th, 16th, 17th,

20th,21st, 22nd, 23rd, 24th 27th, 28th of January 2020.

It contains two parts: a written and an oral part. During the exam period the written part starts at 9:00 AM (K.II.85.), the oral follows it at about 10:00 AM.


Special literature:

Daragó, László:  “Medieval Architecture” – lecture notes

http://www.eptort.bme.hu/doc/medieval/Medieval_Architecture_LN_2ed.pdf


Fletcher, Banister: The History of Architecture on the Comparatuve Method…”

Toman, Rolf: Romanesque Style

Toman, Rolf - Beyer, Birgit - Borngässer, Barbara: Gothic Style


László Daragó DLA

associate professor


Schedule


09rd, September, Monday Introduction. Outline the course requirements. The architecture of the Late Roman Empire and its cultural background. The born of Christianity and its „Necessity architecture”. The born of the monumental Christian architecture - Early Christian architecture in the city of Rome.

16th, September Monday Early Christian architecture in the eastern Provinces: Palestine - imperial establishments, North Africa - the born of Christian monasticism, Syria - Late Roman and Oriental traditions.Early Byzantine architecture in Thessalonica and in Constantinople.

Practical task: Different types of barrel vaults, Roman-type cross vault. Byzantine vaulting systems - the Pendentive dome.

17th September, Monday The „Iconoclasm” and the aftermath in Greece: Middle Byzantine and Late Byzantine architecture. Architecture in the radius of influence of Byzantium: Balkan Peninsula, Russian principalities.

23rd September, Monday Cancelled


30st September, Monday Architecture in the radius of influence of Byzantium: Architecture in Armenia and Georgia Syrian influences in Armenia. Ravenna - the summary of the Early Christian and Byzantine architecture.

07th October, Monday The penetration of Christian architecture into barbarian Europe - „Scattered monuments”. The main stream of the Romanesque architecture I.: the Carolingian architecture with the „evangelizer” Benedictine movements. The main stream of the Romanesque architecture II.: the three periods of the German-Roman Empire.

Practical task: The Romanesque vaulting systems: Romanesque cross vault.

14th October, Monday Interregional influences in Romanesque Architecture: The “First Romanesque” - Langobard architecture. The retrospective interregional influences in Romanesque architecture. - Antique influences. Byzantine influences.


21st October, Monday Cancelled (Studio week)

28th October, Monday The progressive interregional influences in Romanesque architecture II. - monastic movements : A) Benedictine and B) Cistercian, C) Norman or „Imperial” Romanesque architecture.

Practical task: The Romanesque vaulting systems: Sexpartite vaulting, „groin-rib” vaulting.


04th November, Monday The Early French Gothic cathedrals. Rayonant Gothic: the flourishing period of the French cathedrals. Flamboyant gothic in France.

Practical task: Squire-bayed and free vaulting systems - the pointed arch. Basilica and „false basilica” type space organization.

11th November, Monday Interregional influences in gothic architecture: Cistercian gothic formations, the Franciscan and Dominican movements. The special characteristics of English gothic architecture.

18th November, Monday German gothic architecture Civic movements in Late Gothic and the Proto-renaissance in Italy.

Practical task: Late gothic vaulting systems: Cylindrical (or net vaults) and Spherical (or stellar) vaults. Halls and false-halls


25th November Monday Medieval secular architecture.

02th December Monday Consultation


09-09-2019

László Daragó DLA

Associate Professor


Handout

Practical tasks

Aachen, Amiens,Angers,Arles,Autun,Bamberg,Bayeux,Beauvais,Blois, Caen-S.Etienne, Caen-S.Trinite, Clermont-ND, Ely, Firenze-Baptisterium, Firenze-SanMiniato, Heisterbach, Köln, Leon,Limburg,Magdeburg,Marburg,Marialaach,Milano-Dom,Milano-SAmbrogio,Nürnberg-Lorenzk,Nürnberg-Sebald, Orvieto,Paray-le-Monial, Párizs-NotreDame, Párizs-SChapelle, Pavia, Pisa-Dom, Pisa-Campanile, Reims, Rouen, Rouen-Ouen,Soissons, Southwell, Speyer,StDenis, StNectarie,Strassburg, Toledo, Toulouse, Tournus, Tours, Trier, Ulm, Velence-SMarco, Vezelay (narthex, nave, section),Worms


LECTURES:

1. Early christian architecture I.

2. Early christian architecture II.

3. Byzantine architecture

4. Ravenna

5. Preromanesque and Romanesque

6. Interregional tendencies in Romanesque 1.

7. Interregional Tendencies in Romanesque 2.

8. Dawn of Gothic - High Gothic - Spreading in France

9. Interregional Gothic - Franciscan and Domonican Gothic

10. Regional Gothic - English German Italian Gothic

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