HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 5. 19th CENTURY ARCHITECTURE (B.Sc. 3rd)

Budapest University of

Technology and Economics

Faculty of Architecture

Department OF History of Architecture and of Monuments

Course title: HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 5.

19th CENTURY ARCHITECTURE

Semester: 2019/2020. fall

Requirement type: mid-term mark

Credit: 3

Subject code: BMEEPET A501

Responsible lecturer: Gyetvainé Balogh Ágnes PhD

assistant professor

Lecturer: Gyetvainé Balogh Ágnes PhD

assistant professor


Course requirements and goals of the subject


Prerequisites: the compulsory History of Architecture subjects of the first four semesters have to be finished successfully (for regular students).

Dates: 13, 20, 27 September, 4, 11, 18 October, 8, 15, 22 November, 6, 7 December

Main goals of the course:

  1. Students are to get acquainted with the most important historic monuments of the European and North-American architecture between 1750 and 1914. They should understand the relationship between them; learn the most important cultural influences manifested in the architecture of their age.
  2. The morphology of the monuments is to be studied.
  3. The visual memory skills are to be developed by means of in-place sketches during the lectures.

Basic requirements:

  1. Sketches (format A/4, 4 times in the semester) of architectural morphology following the lecturer’s sketches on the blackboard. The completion of these drawings verifies also the student’s attendance at lessons. Missing drawings must be supplied at the next lecture. Unacceptable drawings also must be made up by the time of the last lessons. (Dates: 27 September, 11 October, 8, 22 November)
  2. Semester drawing (format A/3, 1 or 2 sheets of paper) of a building or ensemble. Working out the selected a building or ensemble with selected ground plans, constructed plans, sections, elevations, views, or details with optional scales. Elevation and detail must show the compositional and architectural elements and the plastic values of the architectural articulation. Technique: any kind of manual rendering techniques can be used, but pencil with aquarelle on drawing paper is preferred. Drawings by computer or photocopies are not allowed. (Consultations: every week after the lectures and 7 December.)

Deadline of completion of the semester drawing: 9 December (Monday) 12:00. K 283. (With late homework fee till 20 December Friday 12.00).

  1. Two test papers (18 October, 6 December). The exercises of the tests can be solved with free hand sketches on the basis of the list of “key monuments” given to the students previously. Failed test can be repeated on 16th December or (as a repeated exam) on 19th December. The condition of the acceptance of the subject is that both tests are at least satisfactory.

Other requirement:

Lecture attendance: 70% is required. (70% during the theoretical lectures and 70% during the practical lessons).

Evaluation

The offered final mark will be the average of the sketches (10%), the semester drawing (40%) and the test papers (25-25%).


HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 5. – 19TH CENTURY ARCHITECTURE

Schedule

Academic year 2019/2020, 1st semester


13 September

Introduction; Course requirements and goals of the subject;

Different periodizations in different countries and eras;

New structures and materials in the architecture; New functions

20 September

Neo-Classicism and Romanticism in Great Britain and in France

27 September

1st practical lesson: Neo-Classicism

4 October

Neo-Classicism and Romanticism in Germany, in Russia and in the United States

11 October

2nd practical lesson: Romanticism

18 October

1st test;

Eclecticism; early iron and steel structures

25 October

Day off (Preliminary Studio Week)

1 November

Day off (All Saints’ Day)

8 November

3rd practical lesson: Eclecticism

15 November

Turn of the 20th century

22 November

4th practical lesson: Turn of the 20th century

29 November

Day off (Open Day)

6 December

Pre-Modern architecture, the Chicago School;

2nd test

7 December (Saturday)

Consultation

9 December

Submission of the semester drawing (Monday till 12.00 K283)

16 December

1st repeated test (Monday 12.15 K250)

19 December

2nd repeated test (Thursday 14.15 K250)

20 December

Late submission (Friday till 12.00 K283)


Handout: Á. Gyetvai Balogh: Architecture of the 19th century and the Turn of the century

http://www.eptort.bme.hu – Courses in English – Subjects – History of A. 5.

Pictures: Kalmár, Miklós: Az építészet története. Historizmus, Századforduló. Bp. 2001. New ed. Bp. 2016.

Ágnes Gyetvai Balogh Phd

Assistant professor


Different periodizations in different countries and eras



Theory

at the beginning of the 20th century (German)

Theory

in the middle of the 20th century

(French-English)

Theory

at the end of the 20th

century (Austrian)

Until 1750


Baroque

Baroque

Baroque

From 1750 to 1800


(Neo-)Classicism

(early; flowering)

(Landscape gardening, Neo-Greek, Greek Revival)

Romantic Classicism

Ac-tive Ro-man-ticism

Naive Historicism

From 1780 to 1830

Classicizing Romanticism

Pure-in-Style Historicism

From 1770 to 1840

Romanticism

(Neo-Romanesque,

Neo-Gothic, Gothic Revival)

Romanesque Romanticism

Gothicizing Romanticism

From 1840 to 1890

Eclecticism

(Neo-Renaissance,

Neo-Baroque)

Historicism

Pas-sive Rom.

Style-mixing Historicism

From 1890 to 1910

Art Nouveau / Secession

(European Art Nouveau movement)

Turn of the 20th century

Turn of the 20th century

From 1910

(International) Modern

(twentieth-century style)

(today’s style)

Pre-Modern

Pre-Modern


COURSE DESCRIPTION

The period of this History of Architecture subject is the “long nineteenth century” from the 1750s to the 1910s. In this era the architecture and the art turned to the past, to the previous styles using them in a new approach. The architects had discovered the history of art and artistic liberty at the same time. At the turn of the 20th century the art and also the architecture searched for new ways instead of using historical architectural elements or motifs. The changes led to the Modern Movement when buildings were being erected without decoration or ornaments in the first quarter of the 20th century.

This period was divided into different eras, but these types of periodization were different in different countries and changed in the course of the 20th century. Beside the question of styles 19th century is important not only because of the appearing of new structures and materials in the architecture but because of the great development in the field of the functional planning. While following the timeline, the classes concentrate on the development of the styles in several areas of Europe (Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia) looking out to the United States of America too, because there the styles reflected the European ones.


DOWNLOAD:

Handout

Picture handout

List of topics

Key monuments


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